A glass gem instead of a diamond

Shira Schmidt

Shira Leibowitz Schmidt was raised in an assimilated Jewish home in New York, and became observant while studying at Stanford University in California. In June 1967 she told her engineering school professor she would miss the final exam because she was going to Israel to volunteer during the Six Day War. “That’s the most original excuse I have ever been offered,” he responded. She arrived during the war and stayed, receiving her BSc in absentia. She subsequently met and married the late Elhanan Leibowitz, and they raised their six children in Beersheba. Mrs. Leibowitz acquired a Masters in Urban & Regional Planning from the Technion, and an MSc in Civil Engineering from University of Waterloo. Today she lives with her husband, Dr. Baruch Schmidt, in Netanya. She co-authored, with Nobel prize-winning chemist Roald Hoffmann, Old Wine New Flasks. She has co-translated from Hebrew to English (with Jessica Setbon) From the Depths (the autobiography of Rabbi Israel Meir Lau); The Forgotten Memoirs (memoirs of Rabbis who survived the Shoah, edited by Esther Farbstein); and Rest of the Dove (Parashat Hashavua by Rabbi Haim Sabato). She and her husband appear in the documentary film about the Sanz-Klausenberger Rebbe, “Hidden Face.” She is available to lecture in Israel and in the US and can be contacted via www.cross-currents.com.

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5 Responses

  1. Bob Miller says:

    We live with high hopes of a complete transformation from exile to redemption, gradually or suddenly. But there is sharp disagreement about the timing and method for starting and completing this momentous transformation.

    Some believe that, in Israel at least, we have already entered an early stage of redemption. Others (such as Chareidim in general) believe that we are everywhere in the final stage of exile.

    Some believe that, in Israel at least, we have to undertake direct practical action to complete a redemptive process that has already started. Others (such as Chareidim in general) emphasize Torah study, Tefillah and Mitzvot to finally make us worthy of a Divine decree to redeem us.

    Our positions on these points have wide ramifications in the way we relate to religious, social, and political issues inside and outside Israel.

  2. HILLEL says:

    Both the parable and the quote from professor Rabkin are correct.

    The deliberate rejection of Judaism was the revolutionary raison d’etre of the fervently-secular socialist-nationalist Zionists of the Second Aliya, who arrived in Palestine in the early 1900’s–Ben-Gurion and Ben-Zvi.

    The substitution of the cheap glass gem of Zionism for the real diamon of authentic Judaism applies to most Zionist Jews around the world, who bolster their Jewish identity by singing Hatikva and planting a tree in Israel. This group is steadliy diminishing, as the vacuous nature of this form of “Judaism” becomes more obvious to the younger generations.

  3. Chareidi Lenumi says:

    Array of chareidi attitudes

    The state is the work of the Satan and we must actively work towards its demise
    The state is the work of the Satan and we must pray and learn Torah and hope for the best
    The state IS a transgression of the three oaths and is the cause of most of our problems in the world
    The creation of the state WAS a transgression of the three oaths but now has utility
    The creation of the state was potentially a positive event but the secular Zionists messed it up and now it is a worse place to live than most other countries
    The creation of the state was potentially a positive event but the secular Zionists messed it up and now it is just another country like any other – we must be loyal and follow the laws but have no particular emotion about it.
    The state’s existence IS a positive thing but we have to have our priorities straight and continue rebuilding the Torah world (which is the main reason the state was created for in the first place) – we must give thanks to Hashem this gift.

    I may have missed some but I think that this is a fair spectrum of the chareidim POVs.

  4. ilana says:

    My husband’s book “Beyond the Jewish State” was quoted in Professor Rabkin’s book and they spoke a few times. After seeing the book, my husband wrote to a friend: “Although I was quoted fairly and accurately, I do not subscribe to Pr. Rabkin’s views – quite the contrary. Partly this is because my views have evolved, partly because times have changed, but more fundamentally, I was an early “post-zionist” before the name was invented – not anti but post.”

    I hesitate to quote my husband z”l from memory, but I do recall that he considered Rabkin’s use of sources somewhat unbalanced, so that it gave the incorrect impression that fervent orthodoxy cannot be reconciled with Zionism. He was also disturbed by the approbations from non-Jewish anti-Zionists and had the impression that the book might contribute to an attitude of “It is fine to continue hating (killing) Zionists, but some Jews are ok and should be left alone.”

    Regarding the title – note that the book was originally published as “Au nom de la Torah: une histoire de l’opposition juive au sionisme” – which is more appropriate than the title chosen for the English translation.

  5. Yisrael Moshe says:


    Here is my take. First we must understand the two fundamental issues regarding the State of Israel.

    1. Question: Can their be a Jewish state run by Jews not committed to Torah?
    a.) Neturai Karta, Satmar and Chareidi – No! Such Jews will in the long run will destroy the Jewish nation.
    b.) Religious Zionists pre-Gush Katif Expulsion – Yes. It is not ideal, but every Jew has Kedushah and we must work to build bridges with them, and show them the Torah way.
    c.) Religious Zionists post-Gush Katif Expulsion – A non-Torah government is dangerous, untrustworthy, and treacherous.

    2. Question: Is it permitted to form a Jewish State prior to the coming of Moshiach?
    a.) Neturai Karta and Satmar – No. It is forbidden by the “Three Oaths”. The state must fall in order before Moshiach can arrive.
    b.) Chareidi – ???(I don’t know)
    c.) Religous Zionist – It is “The first flowering of redemption” as taught by Chazal. The greatest, most overt miracle from Hashem in thousands of years.

    IATM (It appears to me) that regarding the first issue, there is close to complete agreement that an Anti-Torah Government is bad. (note – I believe that this is a potential Achdus rallying point for Torah Jews. I believe that if we all band together, we can fix this problem).
    Regarding the second issue, the gap between the two approaches to the State is so big that there doesn’t appear to be any possible way to reconcile the two opinions. One has to be wrong.

    So, to summarize, here is how a two sentence description of the spectrum of haredi attitudes towards the State that is fair, objective, and non-pejorative would look:

    “Various opinions abound whether the existence of the State of Israel is beneficial for Klal Yisrael, ranging from “undesirable but a necessary evil” to absolutely forbidden. The Charedei community recognizes the dangers, both physical and spiritual, posed by an Anti-Torah Government, and its leaders act and react accordingly.”

    note – IATM the question of Zionism is different from the question of the State, and somewhat more complex. I have decided to focus on the State exclusively.

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