Two Upbeat Thoughts Before Pesach

How I wish I were one of those musicians who have done such a beautiful job, lifting the spirits of our beleaguered people! Alas, there is only one instrument I can play, with a very limited repertoire. The instrument is someplace between the heart and the mo’ach; my playlist is limited to more serious pieces of machshavah. If you are an aficionado of this kind of music, stay with me.

What I offer here are not some short, feel-good, vertlach – although if this is not the time for them, when is? I’m going to offer two items that work davka for the kind of person who delights primarily in what combines significant tradition, creativity, and rigor. May HKBH allow me to hit the right notes.

Noam Elimelech – bringing the time of Moshiach

“The Sages say that ‘the days of your life’ only imply the present. The addition of ‘all’ brings along the time of Moshiach.”

The Noam Elimelech explains that the importance of any Jewish holiday is never merely commemorative. It is always experiential. Each Yom Tov introduces a particular “ohr,” and the ohr of Pesach is geulah.

Now, he is not the first to make this observation. The earliest that I am aware of (and I suspect it goes back a good deal further) is the Maharal. I think the most famous modern version of this approach was articulated by R Simcha Zisel of Kelm, and referenced by Michtav Me-Eliyahu. He saw the calendar as a closed-loop railroad line. As the train travels through the year, it stops at various “stations” on the calendar. Passengers disembark, and linger for a while in the station house, where they can sample the local wares. At the Pesach station, we can find geulah – if not national redemption, then at least personal freedom from the self-imposed restriction and limitation (the metzarim) that make us far less than we could be. At the Shavuos stop, we can taste hisgalus Hashem – a revelation of Who Hashem is, and what He expects of us. At Sukkos, we dig deeply into helpings of bitachon, of faith and confidence in Hashem.

The common denominator of all the holidays is the availability of these ohros – these servings of spiritual enlightenment that are sent our way from Heaven. They make the holiday dynamic, rather than passive-commemorative. It is hard to imagine a more important change in the way we look at every Yom Tov, than the knowledge that something very beautiful awaits us, ready to be plucked off the shelves at each event.

It there anything that we need to do to maximize our share of these ohros? Here is where the Noam Elimelech comes back into the picture with his special observation. Yes, he says. We participate in drawing down the ohros of Pesach specifically through the mitzvah of sippur yetzias Mitzrayim, of retelling the events of the Exodus in the style of the Haggadah, in which we lovingly caress each detail, and find new meaning each year. The care and effort we expend on this determines how much of that spiritual enlightenment we achieve.

One thing is certain, though. By retelling the story, we bring more and more “quanta” of geulah to our world. Their presence has a cumulative effect, leading inexorably to the final geulah, that of Moshiach. This is what the Sages mean. Through the mitzvah of maggid, we literally bring our redeemer.

The incredible pendulum of Jewish history

After the sin of the Golden Calf, it became Moshe’s job to argue on behalf of his people, to placate G-d, as it were, and move Him away from a show of His wrath. (He was waiting for that argument from Moshe, just as He is today!) Moshe succeeds; Hashem agrees to not destroy the people. Moses immediately turns around and says, “Ya know, as long as we’re talkin’ , I’ve been meaning to ask You a favor. I think You’ve been holding back on me. You’ve allowed me to understand much of what humans can, but I know there is more. I want to comprehend You a bit more directly, (“to see Your Face.”) 

G-d meets him halfway. “I”ll let you see My Back (the tracks I leave in running the universe), but not My Face.”

Hard to figure out Moses’s sense of timing. He should have been happy to high-tail it out of there after snagging the huge concession of sparing the people. Why, of all times, would he ask for more favors? Lie low for a while! It’s like a teenager who wraps the family car around a tree, and when riding home asks his parents for a raise in allowance.

R. Eliyahu Dessler (Michtav Me-Eliyahu, vol. 3 pg.351),[1] argues that Moshe knew quite well what he was doing.  G-d reaction to the Golden Calf was in itself an exercise of midas ha-din, of His attribute of Judgment. Moshe knew that whenever He displays this attribute, it is always, always, followed by a pendulum swing in the opposite direction – to a display of His attribute of chesed, of Compassion. He knew he could take it to the bank, and he tried (successfully!) to cash in on it by asking G-d to compassionately open up and teach him a bit more about Himself.

Moses knew it, and we must know it as well. We don’t understand this exercise of Judgment, of hiding some of His Compassion. But we must know that it will be followed by something special and great in the opposite direction! We don’t know precisely when, but it has been the pattern of Jewish history. Times of great calamity have been followed by times of unexpected rachamim.

Think of it. The Hadrianic persecutions – until the time of the Soviet regime, the longest continuous epoch of governmental suppression of Torah practice in our history – were followed by an oasis of time in which a few Roman emperors looked benignly and even favorably upon the Jews. Without such a period of tranquility (to say nothing of R. Yehuda HaNasi’s good friend actually underwriting the project), the Mishnah could not have come into being.

The Spanish Expulsion not only ended an entire sector of Jewish civilization – it meant the deaths of tens of thousands of refugees in particularly barbaric ways. It was followed in short order by an unexpected addition to Jewish life that changed the nature of Torah Yiddishkeit, no matter how much or how little different groups availed themselves of it. That was the hisgalus of the Ari, z”l, and the rapid development of a literature that allowed the fuller incorporation of elements of the Kabbalah into the general Jewish experience.

Closer to our own time, we have not (and likely never will) made any dent in the incomprehensibility of the Holocaust, the event that the Slonimer Rebbe called undoubtedly the greatest tragedy we ever experienced as a people. It was followed by something that very few in the Torah world ever thought would come to pass – the return of Jewish autonomy to the Land of Israel. (Just a relatively few years earlier, a young Rabbi Yosef Dov Soloveitchik had posed some halachic questions to Rav Chaim Ozer, on one of his periodic long visits with him. What would halacha say about a Jewish State? R. Chaim Ozer told him, “When hair grows on the palms of my hands, there will be a Jewish State! But, b’chasdei Hashem, there was one, before the crematoria at Auschwitz had fully cooled off.)

What will be the great gift bestowed upon us? We cannot know. But the Ran essentially assures us that it will be more wondrous than we could have dreamt of. Surely it will be commensurate with all the pain and suffering going on around us at this moment.

Like Moshe Rabbenu, we can take that to the bank!

A chag kasher v’sameach to all. May we speedily see the yeshuas Hashem in its fullness and clarity.

  1. In an earlier version of this piece, I stupidly relied on memory, rather than checking my notes. (It’s a bad habit, encouraged by the informality of blogging, as opposed to writing for print publication.) I attributed the thought to the Ran in his Derashos. In fact, the Ran (in the 4th Derashah) provides an entirely different explanation for Moshe’s arguments and request.)

    Rav Dessler attributes the idea of displays of Din followed by Rachamim to “seforim ha-kedoshim.” I will leave it to readers more familiar with the kabbalistic literature to track down the original source.

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8 Responses

  1. joel rich says:

    I do know that many folks resonate to the type of uplifting thoughts you mentioned here. Some of us however might find the following of value

    Our job is to play the cards we’re dealt (whether we find them attractive or not)consistent with our understanding of what HKB”H wants of us. We are part of the eternal people who will be judged individually and collectively based on our ability to do. Full Stop

    Chag kasher vsameach vbari and KT

  2. dr. bill says:

    Rabbi Adlerstein, excellent. In a very small measure, I have a sense of a personal yeshuah this pesach. The dafim that I will not hear from my SIL on YU Torah over YT/shabbos, are the dafim I know better than any others in all of shas. Be’shivili nivrah ha’olam, perhaps.

    A freilechah YT to you and your rebbitzen

  3. Raymond says:

    I have nothing to say this time, because for some reason, tears are forming in my eyes even though i am not cutting any onions. Seriously, such deep, profound insights are expressed so beautifully in the above article, that all I can say is that I thank G-d for including me among our Jewish people.

    And to every Jew (as well as Righteous Gentiles) on Earth suffering from the Chinese virus or any other medical disease, I wish you a full and speedy recovery. Chag Sameyach

  4. njs says:

    “G-d reaction to the Golden Calf was in itself an exercise of midas ha-din, of His attribute of Judgment”
    Obviously you are quoting the Ran here, but can you explain in what sense the Divine reaction to chet haegel was din and not hesed ?

    • Hopefully by now you’ve read of my error. It was R Dessler, citing “seforim ha-kedoshim,” and not the Ran. That doesn’t help you, however. The exercise of Midas HaDin is not explained. I think that the simple explanation is that the Midas HaDin is the very mention by Hashem (Shemos 32:10) that He was ready (absent some intervention by Moshe) to destroy the Bnei Yisrael in an exercise of charon af.

  5. a says:

    Please change the picture for this article. It is apparently of two not properly dressed women. Albeit it is only a silhouette, but still a mistake this type of website should not make.

    • Reminds me of the time that some of the chassidim of the Kloizenberger zt”l complained about the dress of the women around the hospital that he built in Netanya, close to the beach. To get to the hospital, especially on Shabbos, they had to encounter many of the local residents. The Rebbe said, “Hmmm. I never noticed.”

      Now, from your use of the word “apparently,” it seems that you can entertain some doubt. I have even greater doubt. I have no idea at all what gender (of the 47 or so currently approved labels) to attach to the figure on the left. The one on the right seems more likely to be female, although it could be a male (or one of the 45 others) with weird hair. Silhouettes can be confusing, I guess. Although not very prone to land people in Gehinom, even when a bit clearer.

      Let us say, arguendo, that the figure on the right is indeed a bona fide possessor of two X chromosomes. Let us say, furthermore, that said figure is not wearing a skirt that covers the knees, but is wearing – gasp! – pants! Now, there is nothing to indicate that said figure is a member of the Mosaic faith. (From her/his/its enthusiasm, we can only deduce that she/he/it is not a kalte Litvak.) I have searched far and wide, and cannot find any source that mandates that non-Jews follow the details of our halacha. Even Shut Ramo #10, which does mandate that they follow halachic details (and also has not been accepted by those who followed, except for people who want to enforce intellectual property rights against non-Jews who are strange enough to agree adjudicate in beis din), does so only in regard to Choshen Mishpat. It would not apply to practices of tzniyus in dress, especially since many (but not all) of those themselves are functions of minhag ha-makom and consequent pritzas geder when broken. IOW, there is nothing wrong with a non-Jewish woman wearing pants. (It’s a huge mistake to take practices meant to instill in us a greater sense of kedushah, and somehow turn them into a defintion of morality, with which we measure others.) Ergo, there is no real basis for seeing those women (maybe) in the picture as “not properly dressed.”

      Naah. I think we’ll keep the picture.

  6. Bob Miller says:

    Something I’ve been thinking about:
    1. When Moshe told Pharaoh the timing of the tenth plague, he purposely used vague language in case the Egyptians’ version of a clock was off.
    2. When Moshe told the Jews (see Rashi) when he’d return from the peak of Sinai to the camp, he used language that appeared precise but was capable of misinterpretation. Why didn’t he just say, “I’ll get back in around 40 days”, to prevent potential problems?

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